As president, Jackson sought to advance the rights of the "common man" and to preserve the Union. He led troops during the Creek War of 1813–1814, winning the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.Born in the colonial Carolinas to a Scotch-Irish family in the decade before the American Revolutionary War, Jackson became a frontier lawyer and married Rachel Donelson Robards. The subsequent Treaty of Fort Jackson required the Creek surrender of vast lands in present-day Alabama and Georgia. forces in the First Seminole War, which caused the annexation of Florida from Spain.His parents were Scots-Irish colonists Andrew and Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson, Presbyterians who had emigrated from present day Northern Ireland two years earlier.When they immigrated to North America in 1765, Jackson's parents probably landed in Philadelphia.Jackson, his mother, and his brothers lived with Jackson's aunt and uncle in the Waxhaws region, and Jackson received schooling from two nearby priests.Jackson may have claimed to be a South Carolinian because the state was considering nullification of the Tariff of 1824, which he opposed.In the final two hours of the journey, a torrential downpour began which worsened the effects of the smallpox.Within two days of arriving back home, Robert was dead and Andrew in mortal danger.
During his travel west, Jackson bought his first slave and in 1788, having been offended by fellow lawyer Waightstill Avery, fought his first duel.In 1835, Jackson became the only president to completely pay off the national debt, fulfilling a longtime goal.His presidency marked the beginning of the ascendancy of the party "spoils system" in American politics.In his retirement, Jackson remained active in Democratic Party politics, supporting the presidencies of Martin Van Buren and James K. Though fearful of its effects on the slavery debate, Jackson advocated the annexation of Texas, which was accomplished shortly before his death.
Jackson was widely revered in the United States as an advocate for democracy and the common man, but his reputation has declined since the civil rights movement, largely due to his role in Indian removal and support for slavery.Most likely they traveled overland through the Appalachian Mountains to the Scots-Irish community in the Waxhaws, straddling the border between North and South Carolina.